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Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
Boletín No. 205, Año 10, 2017
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Reflexiones sobre los procesos de justicia transicional.
Diego García-Sayán y Marcela Giraldo Muñoz.
En: EAFIT Journal of International Law.
Vol. 7, No. 2 (2016)

   

Resumen: Este artículo hace referencia a los procesos de justicia transicional, la interacción entre sus diferentes componentes y el equilibrio que se debe buscar generar entre los mismos. Específicamente el artículo busca reflexionar, desde lo previsto por distintos tratados analizados, sobre la obligación estatal de sancionar a quienes sean condenados por la comisión de las conductas en ellos referidas y las penas que de allí se derivarían. En este sentido, se mencionan temas que surgen durante los procesos de justicia transicional tales como el juzgamiento de responsables de graves crímenes y las medidas de reparación que deben garantizarse a las víctimas de los mismos con el doble fin de no desincentivar la participación de las partes en los procesos de paz y de respetar los derechos a las víctimas a una verdadera reparación integral.


Ciudades seguras con plena ciudadanía para todas las mujeres y las niñas.
Karla Magaly Ramírez Murillo.
En: DFensor.
No. 1 (2017)


Resumen: El enfoque de Ciudades Seguras para las Mujeres y las Niñas tiene como punto de partida el análisis y diagnóstico en el uso diferenciado de los espacios, los tiempos y las relaciones para la evaluación de estrategias a partir de la discriminación sistemática, estructural y reiterada que experimentan las mujeres y las niñas, lo cual constituye un obstáculo para el ejercicio pleno de la ciudadanía, analiza la autora en el presente texto.


Derecho a la ciudad en las ciudades seguras para mujeres: Mejoramiento barrial en la Ciudad de México.
María de Lourdes García Vázquez.
En: DFensor.
No. 1 (2017)

   

Resumen: En el presente artículo la autora expone, desde una perspectiva analítica e interpretativa, las reflexiones sobre la ciudad, el derecho a la ciudad de las mujeres y la seguridad humana, con el fin de tener, con base en la teoría y la experiencia práctica, una aproximación a la ciudad como el espacio en donde se evidencian las desigualdades y discriminaciones de género.


Urbanismo desde la perspectiva de género: Buenas prácticas con perspectiva de derechos humanos.
Sara Ortiz Escalante.
En: DFensor.
No. 1 (2017)


Resumen: En este artículo la autora analiza qué es el urbanismo desde la perspectiva de género, señala cuáles son las aportaciones que éste hace a la construcción y transformación de nuestras ciudades, y apunta que para poder aplicarlo es imprescindible la participación activa de las personas vecinas, en particular de las mujeres, en todas las fases de la planificación.


White Paper: Options for a treaty on business and human rights.
Douglass Cassell y Anita Ramasastry.
En: Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law.
Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)

   

Resumen: The American Bar Association Center for Human Rights, and the Law Society of England and Wales invited the present authors to prepare an informational "White Paper" on the Intergovernmental Working Group. The objective of the Intergovernmental Working Group is "to elaborate an international legally binding instrument to regulate, in international human rights law, the activities of transnational corporations and other business enterprises." This article does not intend to advocate either for or against a treaty on business and human rights. Nor does it undertake to support or oppose any particular form or substance of a treaty. Its purpose is purely informational: To educate ABA and Law Society members and other interested persons about treaty issues and options. Views expressed in this Paper are strictly those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the ABA or its Center for Human Rights, or of the Law Society.


Two roads converged: The mutual complementarity of a binding business and human rights treaty and national action plans on business and human rights.
Sara Blackwell y Nicole Vander Meulen.
En: Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law.
Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)


Resumen: This article seeks to demonstrate that, not only are NAPs and the treaty process not in competition, these two global developments strongly benefit one another. First, NAPs processes will support the treaty process by identifying the most pressing gaps in protections and by highlighting which business and human rights issues governments agree on the most, which can then be used to target the content and scope of the treaty. Second, once a treaty is created, States that have gone through NAPs processes will be better equipped to identify which domestic reforms are necessary to become treaty–compliant. Third, NAPs processes lead to increased stakeholder capacity and knowledge about complex business and human rights issues, which then contributes to stakeholder engagement in the treaty process becoming more meaningful. Finally, the increased attention on business and human rights that the treaty process has generated may bring new voices to the discussion around the implementation of the UNGPs. As such, these two roads currently travelled by business and human rights stakeholders are more converged than diverged, and, rather than viewing these efforts to be in opposition, each initiative should leverage the opportunities provided by the other.


The implications of the B Corp Movement in the business and human rights context.
Cindy S. Woods.
En: Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law.
Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)


Resumen: Through a comparative analysis between the B Corp certification requirements and the Guiding Principles, this paper seeks to answer the following questions: Do B Corps fulfill the Guiding Principles' corporate responsibility standards to respect human rights? Are they a desirable normative shift in the business and human rights context?


Judicial review, election law, and proportionality.
Erik Longo y Andrea Pin.
En: Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law.
Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)


Resumen: In this article, after providing a brief overview of the technicalities of the relevant Italian laws that made the case so complex, we explore the particularities of this decision and its background. In Part II, we sketch out the main features of the election law that the ICC struck down, and highlight its most critical parts: namely, the "majority prize", which the ICC found excessive, and the "closedlist system", which the ICC targeted because it frustrated the voter's freedom to choose his or her own preferred candidates. In Part III, we summarize the main features of the judicial review of legislation under the Italian Constitution, explain the role and the powers of the ICC, and underline why many believed that there was no way it could deal with the election law. In Part IV, we summarize the most important and innovative feature of the judgment: the radical change in the election law that it prompted.



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